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How important are sump pumps?

Updated: Nov 30, 2023

When it comes to protecting your home from water damage, sump pumps are the unsung heroes that often go unnoticed. These powerful devices work silently in the background, ensuring your basement and crawl spaces remain dry and safe from potential flooding. In this blog post, we'll explore the inner workings of sump pumps, the different types available, and the key factors to consider when choosing the best sump pump for your home.

What is a Sump Pump?

A sump pump is an electrically-powered device designed to remove accumulated water from a sump pit or basin located in the basement or crawl space of a building. When the water level in the pit reaches a certain threshold, the sump pump activates, pumping the water out and away from your home, preventing potential water damage and flooding.

Types of Sump Pumps

There are two main types of sump pumps: submersible and pedestal. Each type has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Sump pump installation

  1. Submersible Sump Pumps

  • Designed to be fully submerged in the sump pit

  • Quiet operation due to being underwater

  • Typically more powerful and efficient

  • Higher upfront cost but a longer lifespan

  1. Pedestal Sump Pumps

  • The motor sits on a pedestal above the water level

  • More budget-friendly option

  • Easier to maintain as the motor is more accessible

  • Generally noisier and less efficient than submersible pumps

Key Factors to Consider When Choosing a Sump Pump

1. Pump Capacity - The capacity of a sump pump is measured in gallons per minute (GPM) or gallons per hour (GPH) and determines how much water the pump can handle. It is essential to select a pump with the appropriate capacity to avoid overworking the motor and potentially causing it to burn out.

2. Horsepower - Sump pumps typically range from 1/4 to 1 horsepower (HP). The required horsepower will depend on the size of your basement, the depth of your sump pit, and the overall water intrusion level. Consult with a professional to determine the appropriate horsepower for your needs.

3. Power Source - Most sump pumps require a standard 110-volt electrical outlet. However, in the event of a power outage, a battery backup sump pump or water-powered backup pump can provide an additional layer of protection. Consider investing in a backup system to ensure your home remains protected during storms and power outages.

4. Material - Sump pumps are generally made from either plastic, cast iron, or stainless steel. Cast iron and stainless steel pumps are more durable and better at dissipating heat but are also more expensive. Plastic pumps are budget-friendly but may not last as long.

5. Warranty - A good warranty is essential when investing in a sump pump, as it provides peace of mind and protection for your investment. Look for a warranty that covers both the pump and the motor for at least one year.

A reliable sump pump is crucial for safeguarding your home from potential water damage and flooding. By understanding the different types of pumps available and considering key factors such as capacity, horsepower, and materials, you can make an informed decision and choose the best sump pump for your home. Don't forget to consult with a professional when in doubt, and remember that regular maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity and effectiveness of your sump pump system.


Rest easy knowing that CMC Plumbing, Heating and Cooling is here to keep your systems healthy and running. Call or text us today at 248-546-8800!

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